Arkia was formed in 1951 as Israel Inland
Airlines as an associate, if not a subsidiary of, El Al to
operate domestic services within Israel, particularly to the Negev, and
the Red Sea port of Eilat.
It later expanded to international and
charter flights. 4X-ACW was an ex C-47B-5-DK and
acquiired in 1950 from Swissair where it had flown as HB-IRD.